Sunday, March 10, 2019
How Japan is Contributing to Globalization Essay
orbiculateization is nonp beil of the most important aspects of modern society affecting all(prenominal) sphere of influences of life. orbicularization involves public life, politics, economy, culture and loving outgrowth. Globalization and the fundament of new technologies prevail significantly changed the way subscriber line, government and society be organized. japans presence has loomed large in the Asia-Pacific persona after World state of war II. Population density and geographic isolation be the two important factors that cannot be overstated when discussing Japan.Most of Japans land electron orbit is mountainous and therefore, the residential scope represents only 3%, and the industrial ara is only 1. 4 %. However, Japan still generates an astounding 14% of the valets GNP (Harukiyo, hornswoggle, 2001). One of the key driving forces behind these changes is a new business model. Japan has made a nifty part to globularization process being a political and economic attraction in the Asia-Pacific region. To be successful in globular competition, firms become a triad power, establishing unshakable agonistic position in all trine parts.Ohmae (1985) views the human commercialize as being composed of three major parts the USA, Japan, and Europe. Ohmae (1995) also argues that the key to global success is the deliberate insideration of practicable strengths of Japan economic schema. He considers equidistance the critical requirement of a global strategy seeing globally, thinking globally, and acting globally. In this process, Japan plays a core role as an economic and political leader lordly the new emerging order. Ohmae argued that successful global companies had to be equally strong in Japan, Western Europe, and the United States.These three regions, which Ohmae collectively called the Triad, represented the overriding economic centers of the world. Today, fully 75 % of world income as measured by GNP is located in the Triad. Ohmae has revised his view of the world in the expanded Triad, the Nipponese leg encompasses the entire Pacific region the American leg implys Canada and Mexico and the boundary in Europe is moving eastward. Acer Inc. provides a perfect illustration of a company with a swell-balanced tax income stream one-third of the companys sales of computers and related equipment be in Asia, one-third in North America, and another 20 % are in Europe.Japan is responsive to local grocery store conditions. The strategic haughty means the efficient global use of good marketing ideas instead than standardization, and an organization structure which encourages transfer of information from Japan to other countries. Global operations are tailored to maximize efficiency in innovation development and effectiveness in local market delivery (Befu, Guichard-Anguis, 2001). Japanese multinational corporations which treat individual country markets separately are belike to disappear and be replaced by global corporations which sell standardized produces the kindred way everywhere in the world.A major source of militant advantage has become the ability to produce high-quality products at lowest apostrophize, since global consumers will sacrifice their idiosyncratic preferences for the high-quality nevertheless low-priced products Globalization and the initiation of new technologies score significantly changed the way business, government and society are organized. One of the key driving forces behind these changes is a new business model. Host government regulations/incentives, as well as other environmental forces, can drive globalization.Similarity of tariff barriers, product standards, marketing regulations, and incentives for overseas direct investment can serve as stimuli for globalization.. Japan places more emphasis on market growth and penetration and in these aspects they were definite leaders. Japan has the benefit of a large domestic market but it appears that t hey also benefit from their emphasis on improvement in product quality and productivity. According to Yang (1995) In Japanese business interactions, voice came as the counterpart of trust.Such participation not only provided information permute but also moderated the coercive power inherent in the vertical command structure (69). The militantness in the globalizing world is based on some of the nations sectors, where the companies experienced conditions in their home market that induced them to develop the right competencies to compete internationally. Many economists underline the massive influence of Japanese policies on the World Trade Organization, governmental subsidisation of foreign direct investment, and the integration of Japanese production facilities in tocopherol Asia (Maclachlan, 2004).Technological advances are also considered major drivers of globalization. Japanese technological innovations and leadership in IT industry influence global business and science. Ja pan plays a crucial role in globalization of automotive and IT industries. Communication and transport technology makes integrated global operations feasible and desirable. Industries with high technology intensity are particularly conducive to standardized marketing approaches (Yang, 1995).Among market factors which can drive globalization are emergence of global customers, homogenisation of consumer needs and wants, existence of global marketing channels, and transferability of marketing practices. semipolitical leadership allows Japan influence foreign relations and political situation. Following Harukiyo and Hook (2001) The period of building another modern Japan the history of post-war Japan colored by high-speed economic development as well by the shrunken role of Japan in world politics. This stimulate of post-war Japan can be summarized as the economic giant, political pygmy (19).From the point of view of some scholars in economic-politics, globalization is the result of the capitalism dominance. Yip (1995) reinforces this idea saying that it is a new capitalism circle where production has become transnational. To other authors, globalization is related to the increasing obsolescence of the nation-state system (Ohmae, 1995). Ohmae (1995) proposes that the more natural model is the region-state, an economic area defined severally of the national borders. To survive and prosper in the global marketplace, Japanese businesses have responded to the industry imperatives.Japans contribution to globalization can be explained as global market participation product standardization preoccupation of value-adding activities uniform marketing and integrative competitive moves. Also, Japans global strategy has matched the globalization potential as defined by the cost, market, government, and competitive environments. The strategic imperative of Japan is to concentrate value-added activities to exploit factor cost differentials and extend competitive advantage s by coordinating interdependencies among markets.Hence, success demands achieving integration of the firms competitive position across markets. Japan has a great influence on heathenish and social life of global society. celluloid industry and animated films influence tastes and preferences of millions of people around the globe. Feature-length animated films and manga (an illustrated publications in comic book format) become a part of the global culture. Japanese viands consumption patterns penetrated legion(predicate) another(prenominal) Europeans countries and America. Traditional food is influence4d by civilise cuisine highly customized to the change of seasons.Modern Japanese cuisine includes many seafood dishes with fresh ingredients (sushi), natto and soy sauce. Over the last 50 years, Japanese food culture becomes global and has been adopted by other cultures. Befu and Guichard-Anguis (2001) call this phenomenon cultural diffusion underlining the role and impact of Ja panese cultural norms on the away world. For instance, the popularity and the success of contemporary Japanese fine art photography in American art museums and galleries (131) underline the importance and influence on Japanese culture on global society.The ideas and values of the Japanese people influenced comprehension of the self and religious values of other nations (Hall, Hall 1990). Morals and traditions of the Japanese culture create a strict, unwritten code of essential rules followed by generations of Americans and Europeans as their personal religion which helps to control social life and social order. Many countries adopted traditional Japanese approaches to management including TQM and Quality Circles are a core philosophy of a firm (Hall and Hall, 1990).Introducing Japanese techniques is proving challenging because it cuts across cultural norms. The entrepreneurial spirit of Japanese firms is encouraged as the tendency for individuals to compete against each other fre quently gives rise to the development of new ideas. Employee relations is another sphere of Japanese management principles. Yang (1995) explains that Japanese competition has forced the other advanced national economies to investigate bad and adopt many of the practices which the Japanese have developed (69).Key benefits include economies of scale in marketing and production, economies of scope, efficiencies in sourcing and transportation, and synergies in other value-adding activities. The response to competitive challenge is another major driver of globalization. In sum, the differences in economic conditions, national values and culture among nations created different opportunities for the development of industries all over the world. Japan has influenced to the competitive pressure by leveraging its competitive position across markets, and by seeking integrated operations.The basic sphere of impact is the international economic and social system, i. e. global manufacture, nati onal economies and the world market. Japan contributes to globalization through investments, main course to quality products and technologies, and reciprocal access to foreign markets and managerial development. Unique philosophy and cultural norms of Japanese are also penetrated into other countries shaping behavior of people and perception of the world. From the status of business, interest in globalization centers on two major facets the globalization of markets and the globalization of production and the supply chain.As a member of many international organizations, Japan determines and influences political and economic relations in the Asia-Pacific region and has a great impact on the world order.References1. Befu, H. , Guichard-Anguis, S. (2001). Globalizing Japan ethnography of the Japanese Presence in Asia, Europe, and America. Routledge. 2. Hall, E. T. , Hall, M. R. (1990). Hidden Differences Doing Business with the Japanese Anchor. 3. Harukiyo, H. , Hook, G. D. (2001). Th e Political Economy of Japanese Globalization. Routledge.